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5 July – 14 July, 1982

Classification and Hierarchies: Historical Developments and Epistemological Aspects

Poster for Third Course of the Ischia School of History of Biological Sciences. Image courtesy of the Grmek Collection at the Institute for Contemporary Publishing Archives (IMEC), Caen (France).

Poster for the Third Course of the Ischia Summer School (1978).
Image courtesy of the Grmek collection (Fonds Grmek) at the Institute for Contemporary Publishing Archives (IMEC) IMEC

1981 Announcement of 3rd Ischia Summer School (part1/2). HPLS, 3(1)

1979 Announcement of 3rd Ischia Summer School (part 1/2). HPLS, 3(1)

Preliminary programme

  1. Historical developments of botanical and zoological classificati
    1. Downward classification (Cesalpino, Linnaeus, Cuvier)
    2. Upward classification (Adanson, Latreille)
    3. Evolutionism
  2. Principles of classification (macrotaxonomy), Recent theories of classification
    1. Numerical taxonomy
    2. Cladistics
    3. Eclectic
  3. Classification and hierarchies. Hierarchical meaning of classification
  4. Species concept and species taxa (microtaxonomy)
  5. Classification in chemistry and biochemistry
  6. Classification in ecology. Identification of ecosystems
  7. Classification in ethology. Identification of behavioural characters and their taxonomic use
  8. Classification in physical anthropology
  9. Classification in medicine
    1. Nosology
    2. Teratology
  10. Epistemological aspects
    1. Linguistics and nomenclature
    2. Weight of characters to be classified
    3. Continuum and discontinuity
    4. Class and individual. Taxon and categories
    5. The function of classification
    6. Philosophy of taxonomy

Director of the Course: E. Mayr (Harvard University)
Director of the School: M. D. Grmek (EPHE, Paris)
Scientific Organization: B. Fantini (Istituto di Genetica, Rome) & E. Fresi (Benthic Ecology Laboratory, Ischia)
Secretary: Jean Ann Gilder (Stazione Zoologica, Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy)

1981 Announcement of 3rd Ischia Summer School (part2/2). HPLS, 3(1)

1979 Announcement of 3rd Ischia Summer School (part 2/2). HPLS, 3(1)

General Information

The School is organized by the Historical Unit of the Stazione Zoologica di Napoli, and sponsored by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. The Course, to be held at Villa Aquarium, Ischia Porto (Naples), is a resident course. The total fee including full board and accommodation (arranged by the School) is US$ 300.00. Partial support can be given to some students in need of financial help. This must be specified and justified in the letter of application.

As the aim of the Course is to favour discussion among scholars of different fields, there will be a maximum of two contributions each session followed by an ample discussion. English, French and Italian will be the working languages; detailed summaries, in English or French, of the lectures will be available.

As in previous years, some of the lectures presented will be published in History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.

Applications should be sent to Jean Ann Gilder, Stazione Zoologica, Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy, together with a detailed curriculum vitae.

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The summer school is funded by the Wellcome Trust, the National Science Foundation, and the journal History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.

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