19–28 June 1990

History of Virology: Biology of Viruses and Epidemiology of Viral Diseases

Poster for Seventh Course of the Ischia School of History of Biological Sciences. Image courtesy of the Grmek Collection at the Institute for Contemporary Publishing Archives (IMEC), Caen (France).

Poster for the Seventh Course of the Ischia Summer School (1990).
Image courtesy of the Grmek collection (Fonds Grmek) at the Institute for Contemporary Publishing Archives (IMEC) IMEC

[Preliminary] Sessions

  • The viruses as biological objects
    • The rise of microbiology and virology
    • Molecular biology
    • Natural history of viruses
  • History of viral diseases
  • Vaccins and health policy
  • Special session on AIDS

The working languages of the course are English, French and Italian. Detailed summaries in English or French will be made available.

The course consists of major lectures and four round-table sessions. Ample time will be given over to discussion. Opportunity will be given to some students attending the course to present short communications. Students wishing to do so should submit the material to be presented, together with their CV and letter of application.

Director of the School: Mirko D. Grmek (EPHE / Sorbonne, Paris)
Director of the Course: Baruch S. Blumberg (Institute for Cancer Research, Philadelphia, PA)
Scientific Secretariat: Bernardino Fantini (Naples Zoological Station / University of Rome)

Applications and a detailed curriculum vitae should be sent to: Jean Ann Gilder, History of Science Unit, Stazione Zoologica, Villa Comunale, I-80121 Naples, Italy. Tel. +39 (081) 5833111- Telex: 72056 SZN/I- Fax: +39 (081) 7641355.

List of topics

  • Viruses and the definition
  • Origin of the modern concept of virus
  • Crystallization of viruses
  • Phage as a model for viruses
  • Biochemistry of virus multiplication
  • Symbiosis and evolution
  • Oncogenic viruses
  • Slow viruses
  • Emerging viruses
  • Great epidemics of viral diseases
  • Vaccination against viruses
  • Hepatitis viruses
  • Influenza virology and epidemics
  • An historical perspective of AIDS
1989 Announcement of 7th Ischia Summer School. HPLS, 11(1)

1989 Announcement of 7th Ischia Summer School. HPLS, 11(1)


  • William I.B. Beveridge (Wentworth Falls, Australia)
  • Baruch S. Blumberg (Fox Chase Cancer Philadelphia, PA, USA)
  • Luigi Chieco-Bianchi (Università degli Studi di Padova, Italy)
  • Seymour S. Cohen (Woods Hole, Ma, USA)
  • Bernardino A. Fantini (Università “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy)
  • D. Carlton Gajdushek (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA)
  • Charles Galperin (Paris, France)
  • Marc Girard (Pasteur Vaccins, Paris, France)
  • Mirko D. Grmek (Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France)
  • Ludwik Gross (Veterans Administration Medical Center Bronx, NY, USA)
  • Victoria A. Harden (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA)
  • Ton van Helvoort (University of Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands)
  • Lily E. Kay (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA)
  • Edwin D. Kilbourne (The Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY, USA)
  • Jean-François Lemaire (Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France)
  • Lynn Margulis (University of Massachusetts at Amhurst, Amhurst, MA, USA)
  • Russel C. Maulitz (Presbyterian Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA. USA)
  • Luc Montagnier (Institut Pasteur, Paris, France)
  • Stephen S. Morse (The Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA)
  • Anne-Marie Moulin (Hôpital Necker, Paris, France)
  • Gaetano Salvatore (Stazione Zoologica “Anton Dohrn”, Naples Italy)
  • Giancarlo Vecchio (Università di Napoli, Naples, Italy)
1989 Announcement of 7th Ischia Summer School (part1+2/2). HPLS, 11(2)

1989 Announcement of 7th Ischia Summer School (parts 1+2/2). HPLS, 11(2)

General Information

The course will be held in the Benthos Laboratory of the Naples Zoological Station, which is housed in the turn-of-the-century summer villa of the founder of the Zoological Station, Anton Dohrn. Faculty and students will be accommodated in nearby Ischia Porto.

This ten day course presents the unique opportunity to interact with a distinguished international faculty who are experts in various aspects of the history of virology. The programme will include lectures and workshops, and emphasis will be placed on encouraging discussion and the exchange of ideas across disciplinary boundaries. Pre-course reading will be assigned to enable students to benefit fully from the lectures.

Due to the particular nature of the course, participants will be limited to 25 candidates. Admittance to the course will be according to experience in the topics to be discussed and the ability to participate actively in the discussion session, as assessed from the applicant's curriculum vitae. There will be a registration fee of Italian Lira 700,000 per participant, payable following notification of acceptance. This sum will cover accommodation and full board for the duration of the course.

The working languages of the course will be English, Italian and French; detailed summaries, in English or French, of the lectures will be made available.

Deadline for applications: 15 April, 1990.

Applicants should send a detailed curriculum vitae to:

Jean Ann Gilder
History of Science Unit, Stazione Zoologica
Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy
Tel. (081)5833215, Fax (081)7641355, Telex: 720256 SZN I

President of the Stazione Zoologica: G. Salvatore
Director of the Stazione Zoologica: A. Miralto
Direttore of the Course: B.S. Blumberg (Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia)
Director of the School: M.D. Grmek (EPHE / Sorbonne, Paris)
Scientific Organization: B. Fantini (University of Rome “La Sapienza”)
Organizing Secretariat: G. De Vivo, J.A. Gilder, & C. Groeben